Mobile manual fire extinguishing equipment

What is the portable manual fire extinguishing equipment

It is the portable manual equipment “primary control” that is used to fight the fire in its early stages by ordinary people present in the building, and the manual extinguisher must be in conformity with the standard specifications approved by the competent authorities. The dry powder extinguisher is the best extinguisher used to extinguish vehicle fires at all because it does not They cause material and moral damage as a result of their use, and types of manual extinguishers are divided into: –

1- The pressurized water extinguisher is a cylinder filled with water under the pressure of inert gas, and is used to extinguish wood, paper, textile and plastic fires .. Attention .. This type cannot be used to extinguish fires of electrical appliances and equipment connected to live electrical current or oil, grease or metal fires. Fire extinguisher work to reduce the temperature of the burning materials.

2- The carbon dioxide extinguisher is a steel cylinder containing carbon dioxide, which has been compressed to the point of liquefaction and is used to extinguish oil, grease, dyes, electrical fires and highly flammable liquids. Carbon dioxide works to smother the flame and cool down the temperature, it is released at a temperature of (76 below zero), the extinguisher is weak in the open air, dissipated by the wind, and it makes a strong sound when in use.

3- The foam extinguisher is a cylinder filled with water and organic materials that produce foam (foam). The extinguisher is used to extinguish oil, petroleum, grease and dyes fires .. Attention .. The extinguisher cannot be used with electrical equipment fires connected to live electrical current. It works on isolating the surface of the material from oxygen and cooling because it contains water .

4- Dry chemical powder extinguisher: A cylinder packed with dry chemical powder used to extinguish alcohol, petroleum, dyes, flammable materials and minerals (magnesium – sodium – potassium), working to isolate the surface of the combusted material.

5- Halon extinguisher (damping fluid vapors) It is not preferred to use this type because the resulting fumes are toxic and affect its users, especially in closed spaces, because it is on a base of chlorine, fluorine and bromine, all of which are toxic gases and affect the ozone layer. It is a good extinguisher for all types of fires.

6- Fire blanket A fire blanket (fire blanket) is used in kitchens. The blanket is pulled from inside the box and opened completely and the fire is covered with it to prevent oxygen.

What is fixed (automatic) fire extinguishing equipment?

They are the extinguishing systems that produce water or other extinguishing media that are commensurate with the type of materials exposed to combustion (carbon dioxide, for example). They work automatically to extinguish fires as soon as they break out and have an effective effect in protecting the site from the reaction, development and spread of fires.

The water-producing extinguishing systems release quantities of water mist to spread on the burning material, thus reducing its temperature to below the ignition point, and other extinguishing systems work on the rules of suffocation, cooling and spoiling the ignition atmosphere.

Water-producing extinguishing systems can be installed in all sites that are not affected by water, as they control fires quickly and effectively, and have an effective effect in reducing the degree of concentration of fire smoke and toxic gases emitted from it under the influence of the emitted water evaporation and the extinguishing water spray.

Extinguishing rollers: They are extinguishing means used to fight fires of the first type and work on the basis of reducing the temperature of the burning material. The extinguishing material used in it is water and it is forbidden to use it to fight fires of electrical appliances. It is found in most buildings and facilities, and it is one of the main and important protective equipment in various locations.

What is the portable manual fire extinguishing equipment

It is the portable manual equipment “primary control” that is used to fight the fire in its early stages by ordinary people present in the building, and the manual extinguisher must be in conformity with the standard specifications approved by the competent authorities. The dry powder extinguisher is the best extinguisher used to extinguish vehicle fires at all because it does not They cause material and moral damage as a result of their use, and types of manual extinguishers are divided into: –

1- The pressurized water extinguisher is a cylinder filled with water under the pressure of inert gas, and is used to extinguish wood, paper, textile and plastic fires .. Attention .. This type cannot be used to extinguish fires of electrical appliances and equipment connected to live electrical current or oil, grease or metal fires. Fire extinguisher work to reduce the temperature of the burning materials.

2- The carbon dioxide extinguisher is a steel cylinder containing carbon dioxide, which has been compressed to the point of liquefaction and is used to extinguish oil, grease, dyes, electrical fires and highly flammable liquids. Carbon dioxide works to smother the flame and cool down the temperature, it is released at a temperature of (76 below zero), the extinguisher is weak in the open air, dissipated by the wind, and it makes a strong sound when in use.

3- The foam extinguisher is a cylinder filled with water and organic materials that produce foam (foam). The extinguisher is used to extinguish oil, petroleum, grease and dyes fires .. Attention .. The extinguisher cannot be used with electrical equipment fires connected to live electrical current. It works on isolating the surface of the material from oxygen and cooling because it contains water .

4- Dry chemical powder extinguisher: A cylinder packed with dry chemical powder used to extinguish alcohol, petroleum, dyes, flammable materials and minerals (magnesium – sodium – potassium), working to isolate the surface of the combusted material.

5- The halon extinguisher (damping fluid vapors) is not preferred to use this type because the resulting fumes are toxic and affect its users, especially in closed places.

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